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Michael V. Relf, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, AACRN, CNE, FAAN

Associate Professor in the School of Nursing
Associate Dean for Global and Community Health Affairs
Phone: 
(919) 684-9219
Office: 
1004A Clipp Research Building

Michael Relf, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, AACRN, CNE, FAAN, is the Associate Dean for Global and Community Affairs. From the period 2008-2014, he served as the Assistant Dean for Undergraduate Education and Director of the Accelerated BSN Program in the School of Nursing at Duke University.

Initially, his clinical practice was in adult critical care where he functioned as a staff nurse, critical care clinical nurse specialist, and nurse manager. It was through these experiences early in the HIV epidemic that his practice shifted to infectious diseases. When pursuing his Doctor of Philosophy degree in nursing from Johns Hopkins University, he completed substantial coursework focused on HIV/AIDS including courses in immunopathology, health policy, women’s studies, political science, and nursing. His research focuses on the psychosocial aspects of HIV using mixed-methods particularly focusing on intimate partner violence, HIV-related stigma, and interventions to promote engagement in HIV-oriented primary medical care and disclosure of serostatus to sexual partners. Additionally, through his research, he has documented the role of the professional and advanced practice nurse in the prevention, care and treatment of persons at risk for or living with HIV.

Through his research, Dr. Relf has examined the relationship between childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviors among men who have sex with men. This work received international press attention (Germany, France, Chile, United Kingdom, Romania, Turkey, Spain) and appeared on the front page of The Boston Globe (Dec. 18, 2002) and in the Toronto Star (Feb. 15, 2003). As a co-investigator on a President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funded project to build nursing capacity in the context of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa, Dr. Relf, in collaboration with colleagues from Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe, published the Essential nursing competencies related to HIV and AIDS (see Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS, Care, 22 (Suppl. 1), e5-e40). Subsequently, these competencies have been adapted to the context of HIV/AIDS nursing practice in Canada and Thailand. Dr. Relf’s research has been funded by the American Nurses Foundation; Sigma Theta Tau International; The Special Projects of National Significance, HIV-AIDS Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services; the National Institutes of Nursing Research/National Institutes of Health; and the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.

Dr. Relf is an Advanced HIV/AIDS Certified Registered Nurse (AACRN), a certified adult clinical nurse specialist (ACNS-BC), and certified nurse educator (CNE). He was recognized by the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care with the Frank Lamendola Achievement Award for Nursing Leadership in HIV Care in 2003 and the Spirit of Nursing Award for mentoring in 2006. He was selected for Fellowship into the American Academy of Nursing in 2008 and was the co-chair of the Emerging and Infectious Diseases Expert Panel from 2008 – 2010. In 2013, he was the recipient of the Duke University School of Nursing, Distinguished Teaching Award presented by the Faculty Governance Association. During his career, he has been a visiting scholar at Queen’s University, Belfast (Northern Ireland) and the University of Zululand (South Africa).

Prior to joining DUSON in 2008, Dr. Relf was the Chair of the Department of Nursing at Georgetown University (2001 – 2008) and the Associate Medical Administrator/Director of Nursing and Clinical Support Services at Whitman-Walker Clinic (1999 – 2001). He earned his BS with a major in nursing from South Dakota University, his MS in nursing administration in healthcare services from Georgetown University, and his PhD in nursing from Johns Hopkins University.

Academic Program Affiliations

  • Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice Program
  • PhD in Nursing Program

Education

  • PhD - Johns Hopkins University
  • MS - Georgetown University School of Nursing & Health Studies
  • BS - South Dakota State University

Research Interests

Dr. Relf's primary area of research interest focuses on risk for and living with HIV/AIDS. Specifically, his research focuses on the relationship between childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviors; behavioral interventions to reduce sexual risk taking among men with HIV/AIDS; and interventions/models of care to retain HIV-positive persons at risk of dropping out of medical care.

Awards and Honors

  • 2013 || Distinguished Teaching Award, Duke University School of Nursing
  • 2008 || Elected Fellow, American Academy of Nursing (FAAN)
  • 2008 || Inducted, Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society
  • 2005 || Distinguished Lecturer, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • 2005 || Spirit of Nursing Award for Excellence in Mentoring, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • 2004 || Excellence in Research Award, Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2004 || Nowik Fellowship in International Health, Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2003 || Excellence in Service Award., Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2003 || Frank Lamendola Achievement Award for Nursing Leadership in HIV Care, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • 1999 || Germaine Kryson RN Scholar, American Nurses Foundation
  • 1987 || Inducted, Sigma Theta Tau International

Areas of Expertise

  • Global and Community Health
  • Nursing Education
  • Psychiatric / Behavioral Health

Areas of Interest

battering victimization/intimate partner violence in same-sex couples
behavioral aspects of HIV/AIDS (stigma, grief/loss, symptom distress, quality of life)
epidemiology of HIV transmitted drug resistance
interventions to promote retention in HIV-oriented medical care

Representative Publications

  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25761644 Relf, M.V. and Silva, S.G. and Williams, M.S. and Moore, E. and Arscott, J. and Caiola, C. and Barroso, J. Feasibility of Using an iPod Touch Device and Acceptability of a Stigma Reduction Intervention with HIV-Infected Women in the Deep South. AIDS Behav. October, 2015 19(10); 1896-904 PMC4567500
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26505522 Relf, M.V. and Williams, M. and Barroso, J. Voices of Women Facing HIV-Related Stigma in the Deep South. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. October, 2015 Epub ahead of print 1-9
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25527124 Relf, M.V. and Flores, D.D. and Biederman, D.J. Ending HIV-related stigma: nursing's opportunity to lead. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Jan-Feb, 2015 26(1); 1-3
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 24881591 Relf, M.V. and Rollins, K.V. HIV-related stigma among an urban sample of persons living with HIV at risk for dropping out of HIV-oriented primary medical care. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Jan-Feb, 2015 26(1); 36-45
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 24881591 Relf, M.V. and Rollins, K.V. HIV-related stigma among an urban sample of persons living with HIV at risk for dropping out of HIV-oriented primary medical care. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Jan-Feb, 2015 26(1); 36-45
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 25084499 Barroso, J. and Relf, M.V. and Williams, M.S. and Arscott, J. and Moore, E.D. and Caiola, C. and Silva, S.G. A randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of a stigma reduction intervention for HIV-infected women in the Deep South. AIDS Patient Care STDS. September, 2014 28(9); 489-98 PMC4135326
  • 2013 -- Relf, M., and Hartman, M. Commentary: What are you doing to help ensure an AIDS-free generation? The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC). December 2, 2013
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23117793 Turner, K. and Frush, K. and Hueckel, R. and Relf, M.V. and Thornlow, D. and Champagne, M.T. Implementation of the Josie King Care Journal in a pediatric intensive care unit: a quality improvement project. J Nurs Care Qual. July-September, 2013 28(3); 257-64
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23290374 Relf, M.V. and Eisbach, S. and Okine, K.N. and Ward, T. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for managing depression in persons living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. January, 2013 24(1 Suppl); S15-28
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23547125 DeFreitas, A. A. and D'Souza, T. M. and Lazaro, G. J. and Windes, E. M. and Johnson, M. D. and Relf, M. V. Pharmacological considerations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Nurse. April, 2013 33(2); 46-56

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Grant Funding (Selected)

  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)

    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    71039
    09/2013 to 08/2014

    Project Goal: The primary purpose of this project is to increase financial resources to students underrepresented in nursing.

  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)

    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    70105
    09/2012 to 08/2013

    Project Goal: The primary purpose of this project is to increase financial resources to students underrepresented in nursing.

  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)

    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    #68971
    09/2011 to 08/2013

    Project Goal: The primary purpose of this project is to increase financial resources to students from disadvantaged backgrounds to pursue a professional career in nursing.

  • Duke LEADS in Nursing

    Health Resources and Service Administration
    1T08-HP22553-01-00
    07/2011 to 06/2012
  • Feasibility of a Stigma Reduction Intervention for HIV-infected Women

    National Institutes of Health
    1R21-NR012415-01A1
    04/2011 to 02/2013
    Role: Co-PI
  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)

    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    67688
    08/2010 to 07/2011
    Role: Project Director

    Project Goal: The purpose of this project is to obtain external support for scholarships to increase diversity in student enrollment among those underrepresented in nursing in the Duke University School of Nursing ABSN program.

  • E.D.U.C.A.T.E. ABSNs (Expanding Duke University’s Capacity to Advance, Transform and Empower ABSN Students)

    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA), Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing
    1D11-HP14606-01-00
    07/2009 to 06/2012
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: The purpose of this project is to expand enrollment in the Accelerated BSN (ABSN) program by 94% in three years by (1) recruiting and mentoring 15 new clinical instructors, (2) securing 15 new clinical partners for clinical instruction, and (3) recruiting, hiring, orienting and mentoring 5 new doctorally-prepared faculty to teach in the ABSN program.

  • Global HIV/AIDS Nursing Capacity Building Program

    Georgetown University
    4800-821-DU
    09/2009 to 12/2009
    Role: PI
  • Global HIV/AIDS Nursing Capacity Building Program

    Georgetown University
    08/2008 to 08/2009
    Role: PI
  • Washington Hospital Center Nurse Scholar’s Program: An educational-practice partnership to address the nursing shortage

    Washington Hospital Center
    07/2008 to 05/2009
    Role: Department Chair

    This initial programmatic grant to the Department of Nursing of Georgetown University was funded after proposal submission to provide 80% scholarships for accelerated BSN students at Georgetown University, Department of Nursing. The phase I contract funded 28 full-time students and provided seed money for expanding the program to 280 scholarships over three years. Reinvestment of funds to establish the Institute for Nursing Innovation and Research which was conceptualized to include the Center for Patient Safety, Quality and Nursing Services Research.

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Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Michael Relf was recently awarded the Researcher Recognition Award at the 2017 annual conference of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care (ANAC). This award recognizes an individual, group or organization who has made significant contributions through research affecting the quality of life of individuals living with and affected by HIV disease, and the quality of care nurses provide to people living with HIV disease.

Wednesday, November 15, 2017

Michael Relf recently presented two key note addresses at the University of Rwanda, College of Nursing and Midwifery's 2nd International Nursing Conference in Kigali, Rwanda. At the pre-conference on Articulating Nursing's Agenda for Achievemen tof the SDGs in Africa, Relf delivered a keynote entitled "Preparing Nurse Leaders to ADdress the Sustainable Development Goals." During the conference, Relf delivered a presentation entitled "Nurses, Nursing, and the SDGs: Owning our Disciplinary Future." 

 

Friday, September 1, 2017

Michael Relf has been appointed a visiting scientist at the Research Triangle International (RTI) for academic year 2017-2018. In cooperation with his RTI Collaborator, Dr. Laura Nyblade, senior technical advisor for Stigma and Discrimination, in the International Development Group, they will conduct a study entitled "Stigma experiences among women living with HIV in East Africa." This will be the focus of his research sabbatical from September 2017 through February 2018.

Friday, September 1, 2017

Michael Relf recently co-authored a book chapter entitled "International Clinical Education" with PA faculty member Nick Hudak and CGHI/Department of Pediatrics Professor Dennis Clements. The book is entitled "Professions Educator: A Practical Guide for New and Established Faculty."

Thursday, August 3, 2017

Having a vision statement of “take DUSON to the world, and bring the world to DUSON” might seem a little daunting, but in the Office of Global and Community Health Initiatives (OGACHI), they are very clear about their mission — creating successful, two-way global partnerships.

Friday, June 30, 2017

Michael Relf published two articles entitled "Predatory publishing: A growing threat to HIV nursing?" and "Silence = decreased funding, new infections, social injustice and death" in the Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care.

Wednesday, June 7, 2017

Marion E. Broome, Michael Relf, Kirsten Corazzini and PhD student Jing Wang recently presented at the U.S.-Sino Nursing Forum hosted by the University of Pittsburgh School of Nursing. The three-day conference provided the opportunity to explore the variations, similarities, research endeavors and research findings regarding the management of chronic disorders in the United States and China.

Friday, April 28, 2017

Marion E. Broome, Eun-Ok Im and Michael Relf recently traveled to Korea to meet with nursing leaders form the Colleges of Nursing at the Catholic University of Korea, Yonsei University, Seoul National University and Chang Gung University of Science and Technology in Taiwan. The purpose of the visit was to explore potential areas of collaboration.

The DUSON team also presented:

Monday, April 17, 2017

Non-communicable diseases kill 40 million people each year, equivalent to 70 percent of all deaths globally, according to the World Health Organization. The maladies, also known as chronic diseases, include cardiovascular diseases, cancers, chronic respiratory diseases and diabetes. More importantly, these diseases aren’t limited to the United States.

Thursday, January 12, 2017

Kudos to Michael Relf and his entire team for the submission of their multi-PI, subcontract proposal with the Medical University of South Carolina entitled “A multi-site RCT of a stigma reduction intervention for HIV-infected women." This proposal requests funding for a five-year period with a start date of July 1, 2017.

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