Dr. Wei Pan is an Associate Professor and Biostatistician in the School of Nursing at Duke University. He received his PhD in Measurement and Quantitative Methods from Michigan State University in 2001 and his MS in Statistics from Fuzhou University, China, in 1989. Dr. Pan’s research work focuses on causal inference (propensity score analysis, resampling, power and effect size); advanced statistical modeling (multilevel, structural, and longitudinal); meta-analysis; psychometrics; and their applications in the social, behavioral, and health sciences. He has been involved in many research projects funded by federal agencies such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Education. He has published numerous referred journal articles on both methodological and applied research studies. He recently edited a book, entitled “Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments,” to tackle both methodological and practical issues in propensity score analysis, a statistical technique to approximate randomized controlled trials (RCTs) by reducing selection bias in non-RCT or observational data so as to increase the validity of causal inference from non-RCTs or observational studies.
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Wei Pan, PhD
Academic Program Affiliations
- PhD in Nursing Program
- Doctor of Nursing Practice Program
- PhD - Michigan State University
- MS - Fuzhou University, China
Areas of research interest:
• Causal inference and propensity score analysis
• Multilevel, longitudinal, and structural modeling
• Research synthesis and meta-analysis
• Measurement, evaluation, and psychometrics
• Substance use and abuse
• Adolescent health
Awards and Honors
- 2011 || Provost’s List of Most Productive Faculty, University of Cincinnati
- 2007 || Outstanding Service Award, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati
- 2002 || College Faculty Incentive Awards for research and scholarship, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati
- 1998 || Inducted, Phi Beta Delta (Honor Society for International Scholars)
- 1997 || University Graduate Fellowships, Michigan State University
- 1994 || Institute Distinguished Young Faculty Award, East China Institute of Metallurgy, Ma’anshan, China
Areas of Expertise
- Research Methods
Areas of Interest
2015 -- PubMed # : 26505161 Diabetes Learning in Virtual Environments: Testing the Efficacy of Self-Management Training and Support in Virtual Environments (Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol). Nurs Res. Nov-Dec, 2015 64(6); 485-93
2015 -- Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments April, 2015
2015 -- Propensity score analysis: concepts and issues (Chapter 1) In Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments edited by Pan, W. and Bai, H.. April, 2015; : Guilford Press. April, 2015
2015 -- PubMed # : 25173776 A preliminary exploration of college smokers' reactions to nicotine dependence genetic susceptibility feedback. Nicotine Tob Res. March, 2015 17(3); 337-43
2014 -- PubMed # : 23607540 Fatigue and recovery in 12-hour dayshift hospital nurses. J Nurs Manag. April, 2013 22(5); 593-603
2014 -- A methodological review of statistical methods for handling multilevel non-nested longitudinal data in educational research. International Journal of Research and Method in Education. July, 2014 37(3); 285-308
2014 -- Aptitude-treatment interaction effects on explicit rule learning: A latent growth curve analysis. Language Teaching Research. June, 2014 18(3); 294-319
2014 -- PubMed # : 24510493 Sex differences in quality of life after ischemic stroke. Neurology. March, 2014 82(11); 922-31
2014 -- PubMed # : 24450474 Sources of work-related acute fatigue in United States hospital nurses. Nurs Health Sci. March, 2014 16(1); 19-25
Grant Funding (Selected)
Pillars4Life: An Online Self-Management Curriculum for Cancer SurvivorsPfizer1621801912/2014 to 11/2015Role: Co-Investigator
Effects of Message Framing and Risk Feedback on CRC ScreeningNIH/NCI1R21CA181256-0109/2014 to 08/2016Role: Co-Investigator
Project Goal: To test a new way to get people who have never been screened to do so by giving them CRC risk feedback online and matching level of risk with either messages that stress the benefits of getting screened or the costs of not getting screened.
Implementing a Continuous Healthcare Innovation & Entrepreneurship Framework (CHIEF)The Marcus Foundation06/2014 to 05/2016Role: Co-Investigator
Project Goal: To address the lack of an effective way for academic medical centers, in particular, to measure their present capabilities for supporting and accelerating continuous healthcare innovation and entrepreneurship (CHIE), or benchmark their present capability level against that of other, similar institutions.
Developing an Oral Health Intervention for Individuals with Mild DementiaNIH/NIDCR1 R34-DE023881-0109/2014 to 08/2015Role: Co-Investigator
Project Goal: To provide the infrastructure and the intervention materials to facilitate swift implementation of a future U01 project.
Diabetes Self-Management & Support LIVE (Learning in Virtual Environments)NIH/NHLBI1R01 HL118189-0106/2013 to 05/2018Role: Co-Investigator
Project Goal: To evaluate the efficacy of a technologically based bio-behavioral diabetes self-management training and support (DSMT/S) intervention in a virtual environment.
Outcomes of Nursing Management Practice in Nursing HomesNIH/NINR5R01-NR003178-1209/2011 to 06/2016Role: Co-Investigator
Project Goal: To test the benefit of a new staff interaction intervention (CONNECT) over and above a falls quality improvement intervention in reducing patient fall rates in nursing homes.
Doctoral Dissertation Research: Cross-Classified Multiple Membership Modeling for Multilevel Nonnested DataNational Science Foundation03/2012 to 06/2012Role: Principal Investigator / Faculty Advisor
Project Goal: To advocate the use of cross-classified multiple membership modeling as a powerful and flexible statistical tool to analyze complex nonnested multilevel data.
Playscapes: Designed Nature Environments to Promote Informal Science LearningNational Science FoundationDRL-111467410/2011 to 09/2013Role: Research Advisor
Project Goal: To implement, study, and improve on an early childhood approach to informal science learning through specifically designed natural play environments called playscapes.
Building STEM Capacity through Systematic Evaluation and Scaling EffortsOhio Board of RegentsSTEM 201101/2011 to 06/2011Role: Co-Investigator
Project Goal: To increase STEM capacity in Southwest Ohio by collaborating with STEM partners to scale-up high-impact best of class demonstration projects and STEM trajectory initiatives, and to strategically document and evaluate high-impact STEM projects within Southwest Ohio in order to better understand how these efforts contribute to capacity-building across multiple, interrelated, successively expansive systems within our “ecological STEM for All model”.
EnterpriseMath: Impact of Economics and Financial Literacy on Math Achievement and AttitudesCouncil for Economic Education01/2009 to 12/2009Role: Principal Investigator
Project Goal: To gauge the effectiveness of adding economics and financial literacy lessons into a standardized classroom experience with minimal teacher training.
PhD student Hanzhang Xu and Wei Pan recently published an article entitled "Association Between Tooth Loss and Cognitive Decline: A 13-year Longitudinal Study of Chinese Older Adults" in the February issue of PLOS One.
More than 14 faculty, staff and PhD students presented at the 2016 Gerontological Society of American (GSA) Annual Scientific Meeting in New Orleans, LA. According to GSA, more than 3,600 international experts attended thr premier gathering of gerontologists from both the United States and around the world. Attendees participated in over 450 scientific sessions including symposia, paper and poster presentations.
The following faculty, staff and PhD students presented at the conference:
Wei Pan published an invited editorial commentary entitled "Propensity Score Methods in Nursing Research: Take Advantage of Them but Proceed With Caution" in the November/December issue of the Nursing Research. The article was co-authored by Dr. Haiyan Bai for the University of Central Florida in Orlando.
The Center for Nursing Research recently released a white paper entitled "Research Areas of Excellence" prepared by Marilyn Hockenberry, Constance Johnson, Isaac Lipkus, Wei Pan, and Allison Vorderstrasse.
In the 14 page document, the team covers everything from guiding principles, research areas of excellence, clinical innovation, population health and chronic illness, methods and analytics and more.
PhD student Hanzhang Xu recently received the 2016 Edith Anderson Leadership Education Grant from Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI) for $1,000.
Michael Cary, PhD, RN, assistant professor for Duke University School of Nursing (DUSON), is the first nurse from the School to be selected to participate in the Duke Clinical and Translational Sciences Award (CTSA) Research Career Development Award Program to fund his study titled “Chronic Conditions Associated with Hospital Readmission Among Hip Fracture Patients Discharged from
Wei Pan and Qing Yang recently presented at a workshop at the 2016 International Chinese Statistical Association Applied Statistics Symposium in Atlanta, Georgia. The symposium is one of the biggest international statistical conferences and attracts more than 700 statisticians from all over the world every year.
Pan presented on "Propensity Scores and Causal Inference" and it was based on his book entitled "Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments."
Michael Cary along with colleagues Wei Pan, Rick Sloane, Janet Bettger, Beth Merwin, Ruth Anderson, and Duke Medicine's Helen Hoenig recently published an article entitled "Self-care and Mobility following Post-Acute Rehabilitation for Older Adults with Hip Fracture: A Multilevel Analysis" in the January issue of Archives of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation.
On September 1, 2015, Bessie Baker Professor of Nursing at Duke University School of Nursing (DUSON) Marilyn Hockenberry, PhD, RN, PNP-BC, FAAN, was appointed associate dean for Research for the Office of Research Affairs at DUSON.
Bei Wu and Wei Pan co-author an article entitled "Mediation Effect of Oral Hygiene on the Relationship Between Cognitive Function and Oral Health in Older Adults" in the Journal of Gerontological Nursing.