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Barbara S. Turner, PhD, RN, FAAN

Elizabeth P. Hanes Professor of Nursing
Chair, Health of Women, Children, & Families Division
(919) 684-9251
3116 Pearson Building

Dr. Barbara S. Turner is Elizabeth P. Hanes Professor of Nursing and Chair of the Health of Women, Children, and Families Division of the Duke University School of Nursing. She earned graduate degrees in hospital administration and perinatal nursing prior to receiving her PhD from the University of California at San Francisco. Following her retirement from the Army Nurse Corps, she established the Center for Nursing Research at Duke and held the position of Associate Dean for Research for 13 years.

Dr. Turner’s research interests focus on the effect of nursing intervention on critically ill newborns, including exogenous surfactant administration, endotracheal suctioning, high frequency ventilators and airway management. She has published widely in journals, books, monographs and computer-assisted instruction. Dr. Turner serves as a Section Editor in Heart & Lung in addition to being a reviewer for other nursing journals. She is active professionally in the American Academy of Nursing, American Nurses Association, North Carolina Nurses Association, and Sigma Theta Tau International.

Academic Program Affiliations

  • Doctor of Nursing Practice Program
  • PhD in Nursing Program
  • Master of Science in Nursing Program


  • PhD - University of California - San Francisco
  • MA - Webster College
  • MS - University of Colorado
  • BSN - University of Bridgeport

Research Interests

The initiation of and maintenance of respiration in prematurely born infants is of paramount importance for survival. My research interests are in three related domains that seek to further clarify and understand the interrelatedness of respiratory physiology, histology and anatomy in this critically ill population. Specifically, my research relates to:
● 1. Establishing and maintaining patency of the artificial airway, the interaction of the artificial airway and the mucociliary elevator, and non-invasive assessment of airway position.
● 2. The effect of mechanical aspiration of the airway on physiologic parameters, particularly oxygenation and intracranial pressure, and on trauma to the airway both acute and chronic.
● 3. The role of exogenous surfactants on lung function, to include types of surfactants and methods of administration.

Awards and Honors

  • 2014 || Duke University School of Nursing Honorary Alumnus Award
  • 2011 || Elizabeth P Hanes Distinguished Professorship in Nursing, Duke University
  • 2011 || Harris Visiting Scholar, University of Illinois at Chicago
  • 2006 || Duke University School of Nursing Distinguished Service Award
  • 2005 || Juanita Long Community Service Award, Sigma Theta Tau International
  • 2003 || Distinguished Nurse Researcher Lectureship, East Carolina University
  • 1999 || Distinguished Nurse Lecturer, Southeastern North Carolina Nursing Consortium
  • 1993 || Legion of Merit, U. S. Army
  • 1992 || Army Commendation Medal - Second Oak Leaf Cluster
  • 1991 || National Service Medal - Bronze Star, U. S. Army
  • 1989 || Army Achievement Medal
  • 1989 || Meritorious Service Medal, First Oak Leaf Cluster, U. S. Army
  • 1988 || Distinguished Alumni Award, University of Bridgeport, Bridgeport, CT
  • 1988 || Fellow, American Academy of Nursing
  • 1988 || Order of Military Medical Merit, The Surgeon General of the Army
  • 1987 || Army Nurse of the Year, U.S. Army Nurse Corps
  • 1987 || Dr. Anita Newcomb McGee Award, Daughters of the American Revolution
  • 1987 || Outstanding Pediatric Nurse, AACN, NAPSIG
  • 1986 || "A" Professional Designation for Pediatric Nursing, The Surgeon General of the Army
  • 1986 || Colonel Katherine F. Galloway Distinguished Nurse Award, U.S. Army Nurse Corps
  • 1985 || Distinguished Dissertation Award, University of California, San Francisco
  • 1984 || Who's Who in American Nursing
  • 1982 || Overseas Service Ribbon, U. S. Army
  • 1981 || Army Scholarship for Graduate Education
  • 1981 || Army Service Medal, Meritorious Service Medal, and Overseas Service Medal, U. S. Army
  • 1981 || Commendation, The Surgeon General of the Army
  • 1981 || Commendation, Army Nurse Corps
  • 1981 || Hencmann Award, March of Dimes
  • 1975 || Army Scholarship for Graduate Education
  • 1975 || Inducted, Sigma Theta Tau International
  • 1974 || Army Commendation Medal, First Oak Leaf Cluster
  • 1972 || Army Commendation Medal
  • 1970 || National Service Defense Medal

Areas of Expertise

  • Neonatal Nursing
  • Nursing and Health Care Leadership
  • Quality of Care / Patient Safety

Representative Publications

  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25632926 Biernacki, P. J. and Champagne, M. T. and Peng, S. and Maizel, D. R. and Turner, B. S. Transformation of Care: Integrating the Registered Nurse Care Coordinator into the Patient-Centered Medical Home. Popul Health Manag. October, 2015 18(5); 330-6
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25996355 Uzarski, D. and Burke, J. and Turner, B. and Vroom, J. and Short, N. A Plan for Academic Biobank Solvency-Leveraging Resources and Applying Business Processes to Improve Sustainability. Clin Transl Sci. October, 2015 8(5); 553-7
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26414582 Allen, N. and Lubejko, B. G. and Thompson, J. and Turner, B. S. Evaluation of a Web Course to Increase Evidence-Based Practice Knowledge Among Nurses. Clin J Oncol Nurs. 19(5); 623-7
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 24810514 Grossmann, V. M. and Turner, B. S. and Snyder, D. and Stewart, R. D. and Bowen, T. and Cifuentes, A. A. and Cliff, C. Zinc and Vitamin Supplementation in an Under-5 Indigenous Population of Guatemala: Influence of Lay Health Promoters in Decreasing Incidence of Diarrhea. J Transcult Nurs. September, 2015 26(4); 402-8
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26352856 Ming Teh, A. H. and Turner, B. S. and Tan, S. B. and Tham, C. S. Effectiveness of an Advanced Practice Nurse-Led Preoperative Telephone Assessment. J Nurs Care Qual. 19(5); 623-7
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 24257448 Cadmus, E. and Reis, L. and Turner, B. Ever-evolving: Population care coordinators. Nurs Manage. December, 2013 44(12); 9-11
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 24217143 Malfitano, J. and Turner, B. S. and Piper, E. and Burlingame, P. A. and D'Angelo, E. Improving stroke education performance measures scores: the impact of a stroke nurse coordinator. J Neurosci Nurs. December, 2013 45(6); 332-7
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 24300966 Strahm, A. and Mohsini, K. and Nwankwo, M. and Turner, B. Optimizing protein intake in premature infants: a neonatal quality improvement project. Adv Neonatal Care. December, 2013 13(6); E1-8
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 25032022 Trotter, K. and Schneider, S. M. and Turner, B. S. Group appointments in a breast cancer survivorship clinic. J Adv Pract Oncol. November-December, 2013 4(6); 423-31 PMC4093450
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 24005550 Yackel, E. E. and Short, N. M. and Lewis, P. C. and Breckenridge-Sproat, S. T. and Turner, B. S. Improving the adoption of evidence-based practice among nurses in army outpatient medical treatment facilities. Mil Med. September, 2013 178(9); 1002-9


Grant Funding (Selected)

  • Duke University Health System Graduate Nurse Education Demonstration Project

    U.S. Department of Health and Human Services/Center for Medicare & Medicaid Services
    09/2012 to 08/2016
    Role: Project Director

    Duke University Hospital and Health System is among five hospitals in the country that will participate in a four-year, $200 million project by the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services designed to dramatically increase the number of advanced practice nurses providing primary care in underserved areas.

  • Veterans Healthcare Program

    Jonas Center for Nursing Excellence
    08/2014 to 07/2016
  • Population Care Coordinator Program (PCCP)

    Horizon Blue Cross Blue Shield of New Jersey / HHI BCBS Education Services Agreement
    10/2011 to 12/2013

    The goal is to educate nurses for roles as population care coordinators for primary care practices.

  • Veterans Healthcare Program

    Jonas Center for Nursing Excellence
    08/2012 to 07/2014
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice

    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA)
    07/2009 to 06/2012
    Role: Project Director

    The goal is to develop, implement, and operate a new DNP program, the first in North Carolina.

  • Pediatric Acute/Chronic Care Nurse Practitioner Program

    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA)
    07/2009 to 06/2012
    Role: Project Director

    The goal is to expand enrollment in the specialty and to further develop serious gaming as a QI, critical thinking enhancement skill.

  • Innovation in Nursing Education and Technology

    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA)
    01/2009 to 02/2013
    Role: Project Director

    The major goals are to infuse innovative education technologies in three nursing education programs in three universities in North Carolina.

  • TIP-NEP Technology Integration Program for Nursing Education and Practice

    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA)
    09/2006 to 08/2011
    Role: Project Director

    The major goal is to establish a center of excellence in technology for education and practice.

  • Mental Health Assessment for Pediatric Advance Practice Nurses

    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA), Division of Nursing
    07/2007 to 06/2010
    Role: Mentor and Co-Investigator

    Three year grant to educate nurses through innovative and strengthened Pediatric Nurse Practitioner specialty curriculum in the MSN Porgram. Mental health content and clinical site rotations will be threaded into the curriculum.

  • Pediatric Acute and Chronic Care Nurse Practitioner for FNPs

    Health Resources Services Administration (HRSA)
    07/2006 to 06/2009
    Role: Mentor and Co-Investigator

    The major goal is to develop, implement and operate an MSN specialty for FNPs who are working in PICUs.


Friday, December 2, 2016

DNP alumna Lisa Seldon, Barbara Turner and Leigh Ann Simmons published an article entitled "

Friday, April 15, 2016

Editor's Note: Chancellor Washington and Dean Marion Broome presented two additional awards during the Awards Ceremony. Barbara Turner, PhD, RN, FAAN, received the Distinguished Faculty Award  and former Dean Mary T. Champagne, PhD, RN, FAAN, who will be retiring this year received an award of Special Recognition.

Friday, November 6, 2015

Recently, eight DUSON faculty members - Marion E. Broome, Catherine Gilliss, Barbara Turner, Christina Hendrix, Michael Relf, Tracey Yap, Melissa Batchelor-Murphy, and Bei Wu - recently attended the "Accelerating Global Health and Nursing" 2015 Fudan-Duke International Nursing Forum Program in Shanghai, China. The event was co-hosted by the Schools of Nursing at Fudan University and Duke University with more than 500 people in attendance including deans, prominent nursing scholars, educators and students from top nursing schools in the U.S. and China.

Thursday, January 2, 2014

Barbara Turner coauthored an article entitled "Ever-evolving: Population Care Coordinators" that was published in the Team Concepts section of Nursing Management. Abstract

Thursday, January 2, 2014

Barbara Turner and Josephine Malfitano, DNP '12, have a paper entitled "Improving Stroke Education Performance Measures Scores: The impact of a stroke nurse coordinator" that has been published in the Journal of Neuroscience Nursing. Abstract

Tuesday, November 26, 2013

Kathy Trotter, Susan Schneider and Barbara Turner have a paper entitled "Group appointments in a breast cancer survivorship clinic" that has been published in the Journal of the Advanced Practitioner in Oncology.

Associate professor Debra Brandon, postdoctoral student Kristin Tully, Associate Professor Susan Silva, Elizabeth P. Hanes Professor of Nursing Barbara Turner, and Marcus E.

Elizabeth P. Hanes Distinguished Professor of Nursing Barbara Turner gave a keynote speech entitled "Moving forward as CRN leaders and scientists: Are we on the right track?" at the International Association of Clinical Research Nurses annual conference on November 16 in Bethesda, Maryland.

Faculty and staff from Duke University School of Nursing (DUSON) helped create successful virtual poster sessions that won a 2011 Campus Technology Innovators Award.

In the seventh annual Campus Technology Innovators Award competition, ten winners were selected in six categories, out of 393 nominations submitted from higher education institutions around the globe. DUSON’s entry, called Immersive Virtual Poster Sessions, received the award in the Education Futurists category.

Duke University School of Nursing students produced two of the three winning videos from this year’s “Get the Picture” Patient Education Video Competition organized by iNet (Innovative Nursing Education Technologies). A panel of judges from Western Carolina University selected the winning videos, and each team received a $1,000 award.