Michael V. Relf, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, AACRN, CNE, FAAN

Associate Professor in the School of Nursing
Associate Dean for Global and Community Health Affairs
Office: 718 Rutherford Street, Room 120

Michael Relf, PhD, RN, ACNS-BC, AACRN, CNE, FAAN, is the Associate Dean for Global and Community Affairs. From the period 2008-2014, he served as the Assistant Dean for Undergraduate Education and Director of the Accelerated BSN Program in the School of Nursing at Duke University.


Initially, his clinical practice was in adult critical care where he functioned as a staff nurse, critical care clinical nurse specialist, and nurse manager. It was through these experiences early in the HIV epidemic that his practice shifted to infectious diseases. When pursuing his Doctor of Philosophy degree in nursing from Johns Hopkins University, he completed substantial coursework focused on HIV/AIDS including courses in immunopathology, health policy, women’s studies, political science, and nursing. His research focuses on the psychosocial aspects of HIV using mixed-methods particularly focusing on intimate partner violence, HIV-related stigma, and interventions to promote engagement in HIV-oriented primary medical care and disclosure of serostatus to sexual partners. Additionally, through his research, he has documented the role of the professional and advanced practice nurse in the prevention, care and treatment of persons at risk for or living with HIV.


Through his research, Dr. Relf has examined the relationship between childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviors among men who have sex with men. This work received international press attention (Germany, France, Chile, United Kingdom, Romania, Turkey, Spain) and appeared on the front page of The Boston Globe (Dec. 18, 2002) and in the Toronto Star (Feb. 15, 2003). As a co-investigator on a President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) funded project to build nursing capacity in the context of HIV/AIDS in Southern Africa, Dr. Relf, in collaboration with colleagues from Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, South Africa, Swaziland, and Zimbabwe, published the Essential nursing competencies related to HIV and AIDS (see Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS, Care, 22 (Suppl. 1), e5-e40). Subsequently, these competencies have been adapted to the context of HIV/AIDS nursing practice in Canada and Thailand. Dr. Relf’s research has been funded by the American Nurses Foundation; Sigma Theta Tau International; The Special Projects of National Significance, HIV-AIDS Bureau, Health Resources and Services Administration, U. S. Department of Health and Human Services; the National Institutes of Nursing Research/National Institutes of Health; and the President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief.


Dr. Relf is an Advanced HIV/AIDS Certified Registered Nurse (AACRN), a certified adult clinical nurse specialist (ACNS-BC), and certified nurse educator (CNE). He was recognized by the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care with the Frank Lamendola Achievement Award for Nursing Leadership in HIV Care in 2003 and the Spirit of Nursing Award for mentoring in 2006. He was selected for Fellowship into the American Academy of Nursing in 2008 and was the co-chair of the Emerging and Infectious Diseases Expert Panel from 2008 – 2010. In 2013, he was the recipient of the Duke University School of Nursing, Distinguished Teaching Award presented by the Faculty Governance Association. During his career, he has been a visiting scholar at Queen’s University, Belfast (Northern Ireland) and the University of Zululand (South Africa).


Prior to joining DUSON in 2008, Dr. Relf was the Chair of the Department of Nursing at Georgetown University (2001 – 2008) and the Associate Medical Administrator/Director of Nursing and Clinical Support Services at Whitman-Walker Clinic (1999 – 2001). He earned his BS with a major in nursing from South Dakota University, his MS in nursing administration in healthcare services from Georgetown University, and his PhD in nursing from Johns Hopkins University.

Academic Program Affiliations
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice Program
  • PhD in Nursing Program
Education
  • PhD - Johns Hopkins University
  • MS - Georgetown University School of Nursing & Health Studies
  • BS - South Dakota State University
Research Interests
Dr. Relf's primary area of research interest focuses on risk for and living with HIV/AIDS. Specifically, his research focuses on the relationship between childhood sexual abuse, intimate partner violence and HIV risk behaviors; behavioral interventions to reduce sexual risk taking among men with HIV/AIDS; and interventions/models of care to retain HIV-positive persons at risk of dropping out of medical care.
Awards and Honors
  • 2013 || Distinguished Teaching Award, Duke University School of Nursing
  • 2008 || Elected Fellow, American Academy of Nursing (FAAN)
  • 2008 || Inducted, Sigma Xi, the Scientific Research Society
  • 2005 || Distinguished Lecturer, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • 2005 || Spirit of Nursing Award for Excellence in Mentoring, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • 2004 || Excellence in Research Award, Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2004 || Nowik Fellowship in International Health, Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2003 || Excellence in Service Award., Georgetown University, School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2003 || Frank Lamendola Achievement Award for Nursing Leadership in HIV Care, Association of Nurses in AIDS Care
  • 1999 || Germaine Kryson RN Scholar, American Nurses Foundation
  • 1987 || Inducted, Sigma Theta Tau International
Areas of Interest
battering victimization/intimate partner violence in same-sex couples
behavioral aspects of HIV/AIDS (stigma, grief/loss, symptom distress, quality of life)
epidemiology of HIV transmitted drug resistance
interventions to promote retention in HIV-oriented medical care
Representative Publications
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 20413330 -- Relf, M. V. and Mekwa, J. and Chasokela, C. and Booth, C. and Deng, L. and Mallinson, R. K. and Ramantele, K. and Letsie, E. and Mtengezo, J. and Nhlengethwa, W. and Powell, D. and Webb, A. and Diesel, T. and Liddle, A. Essential core competencies related to HIV and AIDS are critically needed in nursing. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. January-February, 2011 22(1); S2-8.
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 21211698 -- Relf, M. V. and Mekwa, J. and Chasokela, C. and Nhlengethwa, W. and Letsie, E. and Mtengezo, J. and Ramantele, K. and Diesel, T. and Booth, C. and Deng, L. and Mallinson, R.K. and Powell, D. and Webb, A. and Liddle, A. and Yu-Shears, J. and Hall, C. and Aranda-Naranjo, B. and Parham Hopson, D. Essential nursing competencies related to HIV and AIDS: Executive summary. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. January-February, 2011 22(1); S9-16.
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 21168066 -- Relf, M. V. and Mekwa, J. and Chasokela, C. and Nhlengethwa, W. and Letsie, E. and Mtengezo, J. and Ramantele, K. and Diesel, T. and Booth, C. and Deng, L. and Mallinson, R. K. and Powell, D. and Webb, A. and Liddle, A. and Yu-Shears, J. and Hall, C. and Aranda-Naranjo, B. and Hopson, D. P. Essential nursing competencies related to HIV and AIDS. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. January-February, 2011 22(1 Suppl); e5-40.
  • 2010 -- PubMed # : 20637935 -- Cox, C. W. and Relf, M. V. and Chen, R. and Zangaro, G. A. The retention of recalled United States Navy nurse reservists. Nurs Outlook. Jul-Aug 2010 58(4); 214-20.
  • 2009 -- PubMed # : 19540494 -- Relf, M. V. and Laverriere, K. and Devlin, C. and Salerno, T. Ethical beliefs related to HIV and AIDS among nursing students in South Africa and the United States: a cross-sectional analysis. Int J Nurs Stud. 46(11); 1448-56.
  • 2009 -- PubMed # : 19519241 -- Relf, M. V. and Bishop, T. L. and Lachat, M. F. and Schiavone, D. B. and Pawlowski, L. and Bialko, M. F. and Boozer, D. L. and Dekker, D. A qualitative analysis of partner selection, HIV serostatus disclosure, and sexual behaviors among HIV-positive urban men. AIDS Educ Prev. 21(3); 280-97.
  • 2009 -- PubMed # : 19413497 -- Drainoni, M. and Dekker, D. and Lee-Hood, E. and Boehmer, U. and Relf, M. HIV medical care provider practices for reducing high-risk sexual behavior: results of a qualitative study. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 23(5); 347-56.
  • 2008 -- PubMed # : 18569359 -- Drainoni, M. and Rajabiun, S. and Rumptz, M. and Welles, S.L. and Relf, M. and Rebholz, C. and Holmes, L. and Dyl, A. and Lovejoy, T. and Dekker, D. and Frye, A. Health literacy of HIV-positive individuals enrolled in an outreach intervention: results of a cross-site analysis. J Health Commun. 13(3); 287-302.
  • 2008 -- PubMed # : 18462072 -- Boyd, A.C. and Herzberg, E.M. and Marshall, M.M. and Lamparello, N.A. and De Leon, M.A. and Porter, A. and Evans, C.H. and Doshi, S. and Shahkolahi, A. and Dekker, D. and Relf, M.V. Antiretroviral drug resistance among treatment-naïve HIV-1-infected persons in Washington, D.C. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 22(6); 445-8.
  • 2008 -- PubMed # : 19157242 -- Rajabiun, S. and Rumptz, M. H. and Felizzola, J. and Frye, A. and Relf, M. and Yu, G. and Cunningham, W. E. The impact of acculturation on Latinos' perceived barriers to HIV primary care. Ethn Dis. Autumn, 2008 18(4); 403-8.
  • 2007 -- PubMed # : 17428185 -- Cunningham, C.O. and Sohler, N.L. and Wong, M.D. and Relf, M. and Cunningham, W.E. and Drainoni, M. and Bradford, J. and Pounds, M.B. and Cabral, H.D. Utilization of health care services in hard-to-reach marginalized HIV-infected individuals. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 21(3); 177-86.
  • 2007 -- PubMed # : 16940819 -- Lachat, M. F. and Scott, C. A. and Relf, M. V. HIV and pregnancy: considerations for nursing practice. MCN Am J Matern Child Nurs. January, 2007 31(4); 233-40; quiz 241-2.
  • 2007 -- PubMed # : 17563295 -- Rajabiun, S. and Cabral, H. and Tobias, C. and Relf, M. Program design and evaluation strategies for the Special Projects of National Significance Outreach Initiative. AIDS Patient Care STDS. 21 Suppl 1 S9-19.
  • 2006 -- PubMed # : 16990124 -- Norton, C.K. and Relf, M.V. and Cox, C.W. and Farley, J. and Lachat, M. and Tucker, M. and Murray, J. Ensuring NCLEX-RN success for first-time test-takers. J Prof Nurs. 22(5); 322-6.
  • 2006 -- Relf, M. V. and Glass, N. Gay and lesbian relationships and intimate partner abuse. 2006 213-228.
  • 2005 -- Relf, M. V. and Mallinson, R. K. and Pawlowski, L. and Dolan, K. and Dekker, D. HIV-related stigma among persons attending an urban HIV clinic. Journal of Multicultural Nursing and Health. Winter, 2005 11(1); 14-22.
  • 2005 -- PubMed # : 16106155 -- Mallinson, R. K. and Relf, M. V. and Dekker, D. and Dolan, K. and Darcy, A. and Ford, A. Maintaining normalcy: a grounded theory of engaging in HIV-oriented primary medical care. ANS Adv Nurs Sci. 28(3); 265-77.
  • 2004 -- PubMed # : 15090130 -- Relf, M. V. and Huang, B. and Campbell, J. and Catania, J. Gay identity, interpersonal violence, and HIV risk behaviors: an empirical test of theoretical relationships among a probability-based sample of urban men who have sex with men. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. June, 2004 15(2); 14-26.
  • 2004 -- PubMed # : 14983562 -- Relf, M. and Berger, B. and Crespo-Fierro, M. and Mallinson, R. K. and Miller-Hardwick, C. The value of certification in HIV/AIDS nursing. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. March, 2004 15(1); 60-4.
  • 2002 -- PubMed # : 12469539 -- Jerez, D. C. and Relf, M. The social injustice of the HIV/AIDS epidemic. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. December, 2002 13(6); 13-6.
  • 2002 -- PubMed # : 12453817 -- Greenwood, G. L. and Relf, M. V. and Huang, B. and Pollack, L. M. and Canchola, J. A. and Catania, J. A. Battering victimization among a probability-based sample of men who have sex with men. Am J Public Health. December, 2002 92(12); 1964-9. PMC1447360
  • 2002 -- PubMed # : 11565236 -- Relf, M. V. Childhood sexual abuse in men who have sex with men: the current state of the science. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. January, 2002 12(5); 20-9.
  • 2001 -- PubMed # : 11387804 -- Relf, M. V. Battering and HIV in men who have sex with men: a critique and synthesis of the literature. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. October, 2001 12(3); 41-8.
  • 1997 -- PubMed # : 9384065 -- Relf, M. V. Illuminating meaning and transforming issues of spirituality in HIV disease and AIDS: an application of Parse's theory of human becoming. Holist Nurs Pract. October, 1997 12(1); 1-8.
  • 1997 -- PubMed # : 8906734 -- Relf, M. V. Xenotransplantation of baboon bone marrow cells: a historical review of the protocols as a possible treatment modality for HIV/AIDS. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. March, 1997 7(5); 27-35.
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 22482215 -- Sullivan, D. T. and Fries, K. S. and Relf, M. V. Exploring the changing landscape of jobs for new graduates: practice, education, and new graduate imperatives. Creat Nurs. February, 2012 18(1); 17-24.
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23117793 -- Turner, K. and Frush, K. and Hueckel, R. and Relf, M.V. and Thornlow, D. and Champagne, M.T. Implementation of the Josie King Care Journal in a pediatric intensive care unit: a quality improvement project. J Nurs Care Qual. July-September, 2013 28(3); 257-64.
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23291867 -- Theroux, N. and Phipps, M. and Zimmerman, L. and Relf, M.V. Neurological complications associated with HIV and AIDS: clinical implications for nursing. J Neurosci Nurs. February, 2013 45(1); 5-13.
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23290374 -- Relf, M.V. and Eisbach, S. and Okine, K.N. and Ward, T. Evidence-based clinical practice guidelines for managing depression in persons living with HIV. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. January, 2013 24(1 Suppl); S15-28.
  • 2013 -- Dickens, A. T. and Utley-Smith, Q. and Stott, G. and Relf, M. V. Evaluation of communication techniques used by HIV specialty providers caring for patients with low health literary in an outpatient HIV clinical setting. Journal of Nursing Education and Practice. January, 2013 3(7); .
  • 2012 -- Kaplow, R. and Turner, K. and Relf, M. V. Critical care nursing practice: Excellence through caring, collaboration and evidence (Chapter 1). October, 2012 .
  • 2012 -- Relf, M. V. and Shelton, S. and Jones, K. Common immunological disorders (Chapter 48) October, 2012 .
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23547125 -- DeFreitas, A. A. and D'Souza, T. M. and Lazaro, G. J. and Windes, E. M. and Johnson, M. D. and Relf, M. V. Pharmacological considerations in human immunodeficiency virus-infected adults in the intensive care unit. Crit Care Nurse. April, 2013 33(2); 46-56.
  • 2013 -- Relf, M., and Hartman, M. Commentary: What are you doing to help ensure an AIDS-free generation? The News and Observer (Raleigh, NC). December 2, 2013 .
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 24881591 -- Relf, M.V. and Rollins, K.V. HIV-related stigma among an urban sample of persons living with HIV at risk for dropping out of HIV-oriented primary medical care. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Jan-Feb, 2015 26(1); 36-45.
  • 2008 -- Relf, M. V. and Wykpisz, E. Remedy our shortage of nurses [Commentary]. The Baltimore Sun. May 5, 2008 5 May 2008 9A.
  • 2009 -- Kaplow, R. and Relf, M. V. Critical care nursing practice: An integration of caring, competence, commitment and excellence. 2009 .
  • 2005 -- Relf, M. V. and Kaplow. R. Critical care nursing practice: An integration of caring, competence, commitment and excellence. Critical Care Nursing: A Holistic Approach. 2005 .
  • 2007 -- Balt, C. A. and Phillips, J. C. and Agnoli, M. and Donovan, M. and Ghigliotty, B. and Hunter, H. and Jeffries, C. and Miramontes, H. and Santillan-Rabe, J. and Raper, J. L. and Relf, M. and Rolfson, N. and Santhanam, H. and Staats, J. HIV/AIDS Nursing Scope and Standards of Practice. 2007 .
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 25084499 -- Barroso, J. and Relf, M.V. and Williams, M.S. and Arscott, J. and Moore, E.D. and Caiola, C. and Silva, S.G. A randomized controlled trial of the efficacy of a stigma reduction intervention for HIV-infected women in the Deep South. AIDS Patient Care STDS. September, 2014 28(9); 489-98. PMC4135326
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25527124 -- Relf, M.V. and Flores, D.D. and Biederman, D.J. Ending HIV-related stigma: nursing's opportunity to lead. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Jan-Feb, 2015 26(1); 1-3.
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 24881591 -- Relf, M.V. and Rollins, K.V. HIV-related stigma among an urban sample of persons living with HIV at risk for dropping out of HIV-oriented primary medical care. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. Jan-Feb, 2015 26(1); 36-45.
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25761644 -- Relf, M.V. and Silva, S.G. and Williams, M.S. and Moore, E. and Arscott, J. and Caiola, C. and Barroso, J. Feasibility of Using an iPod Touch Device and Acceptability of a Stigma Reduction Intervention with HIV-Infected Women in the Deep South. AIDS Behav. October, 2015 19(10); 1896-904. PMC4567500
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26505522 -- Relf, M.V. and Williams, M. and Barroso, J. Voices of Women Facing HIV-Related Stigma in the Deep South. J Psychosoc Nurs Ment Health Serv. October, 2015 Epub ahead of print 1-9.
Grant Funding (Selected)
  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    71039
    09/2013 to 08/2014
    Project Goal: The primary purpose of this project is to increase financial resources to students underrepresented in nursing.
  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    70105
    09/2012 to 08/2013
    Project Goal: The primary purpose of this project is to increase financial resources to students underrepresented in nursing.
  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    #68971
    09/2011 to 08/2013
    Project Goal: The primary purpose of this project is to increase financial resources to students from disadvantaged backgrounds to pursue a professional career in nursing.
  • Duke LEADS in Nursing
    Health Resources and Service Administration
    1T08-HP22553-01-00
    07/2011 to 06/2012
  • Feasibility of a Stigma Reduction Intervention for HIV-infected Women
    National Institutes of Health
    1R21-NR012415-01A1
    04/2011 to 02/2013
    Role: Co-PI
  • Duke LEADS in Nursing Program (The Duke Leadership, Excellence, Access and Diversity Scholarship in Nursing Program)
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    67688
    08/2010 to 07/2011
    Role: Project Director
    Project Goal: The purpose of this project is to obtain external support for scholarships to increase diversity in student enrollment among those underrepresented in nursing in the Duke University School of Nursing ABSN program.
  • E.D.U.C.A.T.E. ABSNs (Expanding Duke University’s Capacity to Advance, Transform and Empower ABSN Students)
    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA), Bureau of Health Professions, Division of Nursing
    1D11-HP14606-01-00
    07/2009 to 06/2012
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Project Goal: The purpose of this project is to expand enrollment in the Accelerated BSN (ABSN) program by 94% in three years by (1) recruiting and mentoring 15 new clinical instructors, (2) securing 15 new clinical partners for clinical instruction, and (3) recruiting, hiring, orienting and mentoring 5 new doctorally-prepared faculty to teach in the ABSN program.
  • Global HIV/AIDS Nursing Capacity Building Program
    Georgetown University
    4800-821-DU
    09/2009 to 12/2009
    Role: PI
  • Global HIV/AIDS Nursing Capacity Building Program
    Georgetown University
    08/2008 to 08/2009
    Role: PI
  • Washington Hospital Center Nurse Scholar’s Program: An educational-practice partnership to address the nursing shortage
    Washington Hospital Center
    07/2008 to 05/2009
    Role: Department Chair
    This initial programmatic grant to the Department of Nursing of Georgetown University was funded after proposal submission to provide 80% scholarships for accelerated BSN students at Georgetown University, Department of Nursing. The phase I contract funded 28 full-time students and provided seed money for expanding the program to 280 scholarships over three years. Reinvestment of funds to establish the Institute for Nursing Innovation and Research which was conceptualized to include the Center for Patient Safety, Quality and Nursing Services Research.
  • Simulations and Partners across Communities for Registered Nurse Education (SIM-PAC-RN)
    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA)
    5D11-HP-08367-02-00
    07/2007 to 06/2010
    Role: Project Director, 2008/10/01 to 2010/06/30
    Project Goal: The purpose of this project is to expand and strengthen the current Accelerated BSN (ABSN) program by 1) increasing and expanding the number of clinical sites for entry-level training, 2) expanding the pool of clinical instructors, 3) expanding enrollment in the ABSN program, and 4) enhancing the breadth, depth, and integration of simulation technology into the ABSN curriculum.
  • In response to HRSA program announcement, Global HIV/AIDS Nursing Initiative
    Health Resources and Service Administration (HRSA) HIV/AIDS Bureau
    1-U92HA07230
    07/2006 to 06/2008
    Role: Co-investigator
    Year 1: Global HIV/AIDS Nursing Capacity Building Program;

    Years 2/3: Nurses SOAR! (Nurses Strengthening our AIDS Response!)

    The purpose of this project is to develop a sustainable nursing workforce prepared to address the HIV/AIDS epidemic and facilitate roll out of anti-retroviral therapy through knowledge acquisition, clinical mentoring, leadership development (at the national policy level and individual person level), and to foster communities of self-care. This project is being implemented in Lesotho, South Africa, and Swaziland. There was an approved no cost extension for the period of 7/1/2009 – 12/31/2009.
  • Programmatic grant to support collaborative research with Whitman-Walker Clinic.
    Kaiser Family Foundation
    10/2004 to 07/2008
    Role: PI
    This programmatic gift/grant was given for the directed purpose of augmenting and expanding behavioral research collaborations with Whitman-Walker Clinic. Funds from this project were used to conduct a study entitled, Risk behaviors, mental health and violence victimization among persons living with HIV/AIDS.
  • Health literacy, adherence and HIV: An interactive skills-building session.
    Pfizer Pharmaceuticals
    10/2003 to 12/2003
    Role: PI
    As President of HANCB, I received funding, after submission of a concept paper, to conduct a 1.5 hours skills building session on health literacy and adherence to anti-retroviral therapy at the 16th Annual ANAC national conference (November 2003: New York, NY).
  • Preventing HIV transmission among Positive Persons enrolled in Primary Care.
    HRSA/HAB/SPNS
    H97HA01195A00
    09/2003 to 08/2008
    Role: Co-investigator
    Project Goal: The purpose of this project was to test a brief, three session psycho-educational intervention designed to reduce sexual risk taking compared to a provider delivered health education message among HIV-positive men enrolled in HIV oriented primary care. There was a no cost extension for the period of 9/1/2007 – 8/31/2008.
  • The Healthy Connections for Positive Living Project
    HRSA/HAB/SPNS
    H97HA00207
    09/2003 to 08/2007
    Role: PI
    Project Goal: The purpose of the phase I project was (1) to develop a screening algorithm to predict retention in HIV-oriented medical care for patients at risk of dropping out of care after voluntarily enrolling and (2) to identify the variables and processes influencing retention in medical care among HIV-positive persons using a mixed-methods approach. Through competitive re-application, the phase II project was funded (1) to test a retention care coordination intervention comparing two durations and intensities of intervention among HIV-positive persons at high-risk of dropping out of HIV-oriented medical care after voluntarily enrolling. There was a no cost extension for the period of 9/1/2006 – 8/31/2007. There were 17 sites participating in phase I and 10 sites (of the original 17) were funded in phase II.
  • Developing collaborative partnerships between the HIV/AIDS Nursing Certification Board and
    OrthoBiotech Products, L.P.
    07/2002 to 06/2003
    Role: PI
    As President of HANCB, I submitted this proposal to increase awareness among and partnerships with other specialty nursing organizations including the National Black Nurses’ Association and the Hispanic Nurses Association. The purpose of this project was to raise awareness about opportunities in HIV/AIDS nursing practice and certification in HIV/AIDS nursing care.
  • Testing the ARRM-E (AIDS Risk Reduction Model – Expanded) in Men who have Sex with Men
    American Nurses Foundation
    ID#99-49
    07/1999 to 06/2000
    Role: PI
    The purpose of this project was to empirically test, using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling, an expanded version of the AIDS Risk Reduction Model among urban men who have sex men. The expanded model placed sexual risk behaviors in the context of urban men’s lives and included childhood sexual abuse, gay identity, battering victimization, HIV alienation and cue-to-action triggers.
  • The Gay Urban Men’s Study: A secondary analysis of HIV risk among gay men based on constructs of the Expanded AIDS Risk Reduction Model
    Sigma Theta Tau International
    07/1999 to 06/2000
    Role: PI
    The purpose of this project was to empirically test, using confirmatory factor analysis and structural equation modeling, an expanded version of the AIDS Risk Reduction Model among urban men who have sex men. The expanded model placed sexual risk behaviors in the context of urban men’s lives and included childhood sexual abuse, gay identity, battering victimization, HIV alienation and cue-to-action triggers.
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