Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, MPH, RN, CPH, FAAN

Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, MPH, RN, CPH, FAAN, is Associate Professor at Duke University School of Nursing and the Faculty Lead for the Population Health Research Area of Excellence for the school’s Center for Nursing Research. She also serves as the Co-Director of the Pilots Core for Duke’s Clinical Translational Science Institute. Her research focuses on describing the intersection of intimate partner violence, substance abuse, HIV and mental health among Latinos in the U.S. and the development of culturally-tailored interventions to address these. She uses a syndemic orientation, mixed methods, and community engaged strategies to address these areas of interest.

She is currently the principal investigator of a longitudinal study funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities at the National Institutes of Health (1 R01 MD012249-01) that will help identify the impact that acculturation stress and resilience have on biobehavioral and mental health outcomes among young adult Latino immigrants over time. She is also currently the principal investigator of a Hillman Foundation Emergent Innovation Award that will develop a smartphone application that aims to prevent intimate partner violence among young adult Latino immigrants.

Dr. Gonzalez-Guarda is committed to building and nurturing the next generation of nurses equip to address health disparities. She was one of the five nurses who served on the Institute of Medicine Committee that produced the landmark Future of Nursing Report (2010), was appointed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to serve on the National Advisory Council on Nursing Education and Practice (NACNEP, 2012-2016), and has been the principal investigator of various programs that promote health disparities research careers for underrepresented minority nurses and students from various health professions.

Dr. Gonzalez-Guarda is an alumna of the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration Minority Fellowship Program at the American Nurses Association, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars Program, and is a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing.

Academic Program Affiliations
Education
  • PhD - University of Miami
  • MSN - Johns Hopkins University
  • MPH - Johns Hopkins University
  • BSN - Georgetown University
Research Interests
• Intimate partner violence • The intersection of intimate partner violence, substance abuse, risk for HIV and mental health conditions among Hispanics • Syndemics • Hispanic adult and child health • Primary prevention of behavioral health disparities • Stress and biopsychosocial processes involved in health disparities
Awards and Honors
  • 2014 || Fellow, American Academy of Nursing
  • 2014 || Nurse of the Year, Community/Behavioral Health/Ambulatory Care Category, March of Dimes
  • 2014 || Top 10 most influential articles, Psychology of Violence
  • 2013 || Florida Nurse.com Nursing Excellence Regional Winner, Advancing and Leading the Profession Category, Gannet Healthcare Group
  • 2011 || Nurse Faculty Scholars Program Scholar, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
  • 2011 || Outstanding Recent Graduate Award, Johns Hopkins University
  • 2010 || Excellence in Teaching Award, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, Beta Tau Chapter
  • 2005 || Graduate Student Leadership Award, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
  • 2005 || Inductee, Delta Omega Society, Alpha Chapter
  • 2005 || Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Minority Fellowship Program, American Nurses Association
  • 2004 || Inductee, Sigma Theta Tau International, Nu Beta Chapter
  • 2002 || Loyola Award, Georgetown University School of Nursing and Health Studies
  • 2000 || Inductee, Sigma Theta Tau International, Tau Chapter
  • 1998 || Sara Hopkins Woodruff Spectrum Awards for Women, American Red Cross
Representative Publications
  • 2003 -- PubMed # : 14507536 -- O'Malley, A. S. and Gonzalez, R. M. and Sheppard, V. B. and Huerta, E. and Mandelblatt, J. Primary care cancer control interventions including Latinos: a review. Am J Prev Med. 25(3); 264-71.
  • 2006 -- 2.1. Vasquez, E. P., Mejia, N. E., Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M., & Mitrani, V. B. Translating evidence-based HIV prevention programs into clinical practice Hispanic Health Care International. 2006 4(3); 133-142.
  • 2007 -- PubMed # : 17214652 -- Endyke-Doran, C. and Gonzalez, R. M. and Trujillo, M. and Solera, A. and Vigilance, P. N. and Edwards, L. A. and Groves, S. L. The syphilis elimination project: targeting the Hispanic community of Baltimore city. Public Health Nurs. 24(1); 40-7.
  • 2008 -- PubMed # : 18598901 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Peragallo, N. and Urrutia, M. T. and Vasquez, E. P. and Mitrani, V. B. HIV risks, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence among Hispanic women and their intimate partners. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 19(4); 252-66.
  • 2008 -- PubMed # : 18598900 -- Weidel, J. J. and Provencio-Vasquez, E. and Watson, S. D. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. Cultural considerations for intimate partner violence and HIV risk in Hispanics. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 19(4); 247-51.
  • 2009 -- PubMed # : 19363727 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Peragallo, N. and Vasquez, E. P. and Urrutia, M. T. and Mitrani, V. B. Intimate partner violence, depression, and resource availability among a community sample of Hispanic women. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 30(4); 227-36.
  • 2009 -- PubMed # : 19272562 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Luke, B. Contemporary homicide risks among women of reproductive age. Womens Health Issues. 19(2); 119-25.
  • 2010 -- PubMed # : 21058138 -- Cianelli, R. and Villegas, N. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. and Kaelber, L. and Peragallo, N. HIV susceptibility among Hispanic women in south Florida. J Community Health Nurs. 27(4); 207-15. PMC3092435
  • 2010 -- PubMed # : 22504304 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Peragallo, N. and Lynch, A. and Nemes, S. Drugs, Women and Violence in the Americas: U.S. Quantitative Results of a Multi-Centric Pilot Project (Phase 2). Rev Colomb Psiquiatr. 39(Supplement); 66s-83s. PMC3098460
  • 2010 -- PubMed # : 21593995 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Peragallo, N. and Lynch, A. and Nemes, S. Drugs, Women and Violence in the Americas: U.S. Results of a Multi-Centric Pilot Project (Phase 1). Rev Colomb Psiquiatr. 39(Supplement); 46S-65S. PMC3095439
  • 2010 -- PubMed # : 19915207 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Ortega, J. and Vasquez, E. P. and De Santis, J. La mancha negra: substance abuse, violence, and sexual risks among Hispanic males. West J Nurs Res. 32(1); 128-48. PMC3070461
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 21191036 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Vasquez, E. P. and Urrutia, M. T. and Villarruel, A. M. and Peragallo, N. Hispanic women's experiences with substance abuse, intimate partner violence, and risk for HIV. J Transcult Nurs. 22(1); 46-54. PMC3070462
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 21736615 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Florom-Smith, A. L. and Thomas, T. A syndemic model of substance abuse, intimate partner violence, HIV infection, and mental health among Hispanics. Public Health Nurs. 28(4); 366-78. PMC3137267
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 21522030 -- González-Guarda, R. M. and McCabe, B. E. and Florom-Smith, A. and Cianelli, R. and Peragallo, N. Substance abuse, violence, HIV, and depression: an underlying syndemic factor among Latinas. Nurs Res. 60(3); 182-9. PMC3171180
  • 2011 -- PubMed # : 21247274 -- Vasquez, E. P. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and De Santis, J. P. Acculturation, depression, self-esteem, and substance abuse among Hispanic men. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 32(2); 90-7. PMC3182478
  • 0 -- PubMed # : 26166938 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Becerra, M. M. [Intimate Partner Violence Among Hispanic Women: Implications for Research and Practice]. Horiz Enferm. 23(2); 27-38. PMC4498672
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 22295937 -- De Santis, J. P. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Vasquez, E. P. Psychosocial and cultural correlates of depression among Hispanic men with HIV infection: a pilot study. J Psychiatr Ment Health Nurs. 19(10); 860-9. PMC3345319
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 25242861 -- De Santis, J. P. and Vasquez, E. P. and Deleon, D. A. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. Relationships as Risk: High risk sex, Substance Abuse, and Violence among Hispanic Men who have Sex with Men. Horiz Enferm. 23(1); 27-39. PMC4167401
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 21969175 -- Peragallo, N. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and McCabe, B. E. and Cianelli, R. The efficacy of an HIV risk reduction intervention for Hispanic women. AIDS Behav. 16(5); 1316-26. PMC3528343
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 23268109 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Diaz, E. G. and Cummings, A. M. A Community Forum to Assess the Needs and Preferences for Domestic Violence Prevention Targeting Hispanics. Hisp Health Care Int. 10(1); 18-27. PMC3528337
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 23268315 -- Lawson, S. L. and Laughon, K. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. Predictors of Health Care Use Among a Predominantly Hispanic, Urban Sample of Individuals Seeking IPV Services. Hisp Health Care Int. 10(1); 28-35. PMC3528338
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23858067 -- Vermeesch, A. L. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Hall, R. and McCabe, B. E. and Cianelli, R. and Peragallo, N. P. Predictors of depressive symptoms among Hispanic women in South Florida. West J Nurs Res. 35(10); 1325-38. PMC3887511
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 24575326 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and McCabe, B. E. and Vermeesch, A. L. and Cianelli, R. and Florom-Smith, A. L. and Peragallo, N. CULTURAL PHENOMENA AND THE SYNDEMIC FACTOR: SUBSTANCE ABUSE, VIOLENCE, HIV, AND DEPRESSION AMONG HISPANIC WOMEN. Ann Anthropol Pract. 36(2); 212-231. PMC3932986
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23843106 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Cummings, A. M. and Becerra, M. and Fernandez, M. C. and Mesa, I. Needs and preferences for the prevention of intimate partner violence among Hispanics: a community's perspective. J Prim Prev. 34(4); 221-35. PMC3809954
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23493674 -- Mitrani, V. B. and McCabe, B. E. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Florom-Smith, A. and Peragallo, N. Participation in SEPA, a sexual and relational health intervention for Hispanic women. West J Nurs Res. 35(7); 849-66. PMC3870584
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23369121 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and De Santis, J. P. and Vasquez, E. P. Sexual orientation and demographic, cultural, and psychological factors associated with the perpetration and victimization of intimate partner violence among Hispanic men. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 34(2); 103-9. PMC3563281
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23363655 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Vermeesch, A. L. and Florom-Smith, A. L. and McCabe, B. E. and Peragallo, N. P. Birthplace, culture, self-esteem, and intimate partner violence among community-dwelling Hispanic women. Violence Against Women. 19(1); 6-23. PMC3584196
  • 2013 -- PubMed # : 23606787 -- Cummings, A. M. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Sandoval, M. F. Intimate Partner Violence Among Hispanics: A Review of the Literature. J Fam Violence. 28(2); 153-171. PMC3627727
  • 2012 -- PubMed # : 22795758 -- Villegas, N. and Cianelli, R. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. and Kaelber, L. and Ferrer, L. and Peragallo, N. Predictors of self-efficacy for HIV prevention among Hispanic women in South Florida. J Assoc Nurses AIDS Care. 24(1); 27-37. PMC3474856
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 24680919 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Williams, J. R. and Merisier, M. and Cummings, A. M. and Prado, G. Acculturation, risk behaviors and physical dating violence victimization among Cuban-American adolescents. J Pediatr Nurs. 29(6); 633-40.
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 24481848 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Cummings, A. M. and Pino, K. and Malhotra, K. and Becerra, M. M. and Lopez, J. E. Perceptions of adolescents, parents, and school personnel from a predominantly Cuban American community regarding dating and teen dating violence prevention. Res Nurs Health. 37(2); 117-27.
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 24084703 -- De Santis, J. P. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. and Provencio-Vasquez, E. and Deleon, D. A. The Tangled Branches (Las Ramas Enredadas): sexual risk, substance abuse, and intimate partner violence among Hispanic men who have sex with men. J Transcult Nurs. 25(1); 23-32. PMC3867556
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25674973 -- Moore, A. and Sargenton, K. M. and Ferranti, D. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. Adolescent dating violence: supports and barriers in accessing services. J Community Health Nurs. 32(1); 39-52.
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25062778 -- Malhotra, K. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Mitchell, E. M. A Review of Teen Dating Violence Prevention Research: What About Hispanic Youth? Trauma Violence Abuse. 16(4); 444-65.
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26260135 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Guerra, J. E. and Cummings, A. A. and Pino, K. and Becerra, M. M. Examining the Preliminary Efficacy of a Dating Violence Prevention Program for Hispanic Adolescents. J Sch Nurs. 31(6); 411-21.
  • 2016 -- PubMed # : 25805845 -- McCabe, B. E. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Peragallo, N. P. and Mitrani, V. B. Mechanisms of Partner Violence Reduction in a Group HIV-Risk Intervention for Hispanic Women. J Interpers Violence. 31(13); 2316-37. PMC4641820
  • 2016 -- PubMed # : 27159650 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and McCabe, B. E. and Leblanc, N. and De Santis, J. P. and Provencio-Vasquez, E. The Contribution of Stress, Cultural Factors, and Sexual Identity on the Substance Abuse, Violence, HIV, and Depression Syndemic Among Hispanic Men. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol. .
  • 2016 -- PubMed # : 27077507 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Ferranti, D. and Halstead, V. and Ilias, V. M. Experiences with Dating Violence and Help Seeking Among Hispanic Females in Their Late Adolescence. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 37(4); 229-38.
  • 2016 -- PubMed # : 27093905 -- McCabe, B. E. and Mitchell, E. M. and Gonzalez-Guarda, R. M. and Peragallo, N. and Mitrani, V. B. Transnational Motherhood: Health of Hispanic Mothers in the United States Who Are Separated From Children. J Transcult Nurs. .
  • 2007 -- Peragallo, N. & Gonzalez, R. Nursing research and the prevention of infectious disease among vulnerable populations 2007 25 .
  • 2008 -- Williams, J. R., Baty, M. L., Gonzalez, R. M., Nash, K. R., & Campbell, J. C. Trauma and violence 2008 .
  • 2009 -- Peragallo, N., Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M., Vasquez, E., Villarruel, A. & Nemes, S. Case study of Miami Dade and Broward, United States 2009 .
  • 2010 -- Kelly, U., Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M. & Taylor, J. Theories of intimate partner violence 2010 .
  • 2012 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R.M. & Villarruel, A. The future of nursing for Hispanics: A call for transformation in nursing education and leadership 2012 .
  • 2013 -- Gonzalez-Guarda, R. Community-based organizations/Advocacy organizations 2013 .
Grant Funding (Selected)
  • Decisions to Disclose and Defining Patient-Centered Outcomes for Victims of Intimate Partner Violence and Human Trafficking During Healthcare Visits
    Dean’s Award
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Describe factors that influence the decision of victims of intimate partner violence and human trafficking to disclose abuse to their healthcare providers; describe victims’ desired outcomes from disclosures of abuse to healthcare providers.
  • Project DYVA - Drugs and Violence in the Americas
    Organization of American States (OAS), Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Describe the relationships among substance abuse, violence, risk for HIV and mental health among Hispanic women; describe experiences with these conditions and preferences for prevention strategies.
  • Project VIDA - Violence, Intimate Relationships and Drug Abuse in Hispanic Men
    National Institute on Minority Health & Health Disparities (NIMHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    1P60 MD002266-01
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Describe the relationships among substance abuse, violence, risk for HIV and mental health among Hispanic heterosexual men and men who have sex with men (MSM); describe experiences with these conditions and preferences for prevention strategies.
  • SEPA II: HIV Prevention Intervention Reducing Health Disparities among Hispanic Women
    National Institute on Minority Health & Health Disparities (NIMHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    1P60 MD002266
    Role: Co-Investigator
    Test the efficacy of an HIV risk reduction program among Hispanic women in reducing sexually transmitted infections and decreasing risk behaviors for HIV.
  • Cultural Linkages between Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence and Risky Sexual Behaviors among Hispanic Women
    University of Miami
    Test the substance abuse, violence, HIV and depression syndemic among Hispanic women and identify cultural risk and protective factors that predict this syndemic.
  • Partnership for Domestic Violence Prevention (PDVP): Eliminating Domestic Violence Health Disparities among Hispanics in Miami-Dade County
    National Center on Minority Health & Health Disparities (NCMHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    1P60 MD002266-03
    Establish a community-based participatory research partnership between the University of Miami and community agencies in Miami Dade County serving survivors of intimate partner violence; identify needs and preferences for the prevention of intimate partner violence among Hispanics.
  • Partnership for Domestic Violence Prevention
    University of Miami
    Enhance a community-based participatory research partnership between the University of Miami and a large community organization serving survivors of intimate partner violence and conduct focus groups with survivors, community members and service providers to identify culturally tailored strategies to prevent intimate partner violence among Hispanics.
  • JOVEN (YOUTH): Juntos Opuestos a la Violencia Entre Novios/ Together Against Dating Violence
    Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
    69341
    Develop a theoretically grounded and culturally tailored dating violence prevention program for Hispanic adolescents; test the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a dating violence prevention program for Hispanic adolescents.
  • Disparities in HIV, STIs and Testing among Victims of Intimate Partner Violence
    National Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)
    5P60-MD002266-07
    Role: Study PI
    Identify predictors of HIV/STI testing and HIV/STI acquisition among survivors of intimate partner violence; explore culturally informed strategies to increase testing and improve the quality of testing for this population.
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