Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, MPH, RN, CPH, FAAN, joined DUSON’s faculty effective July 1, 2016 and is a member of the Division of Healthcare in Adult Populations. Dr. Gonzalez-Guarda comes to Duke from the University of Miami School of Nursing where she was co-director of the Training and Community Cores of their school’s P60 Center of Excellence for Health Disparities Research: El Centro, which is funded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the National Institutes of Health. She was also the PI of an NIMHD-funded training grant (T37) that aimed to educate and nurture the next generation of health disparities scientists from underrepresented minority groups. She employs mixed methods and community-based participatory research approaches to understand the intersection of intimate partner violence, HIV and mental health among Hispanics in the U.S. and to address health disparities experienced by this group through culturally tailored interventions. Dr. Gonzalez-Guarda was one of the five nurses who served on the Institute of Medicine Committee that produced the landmark Future of Nursing Report (2010), was appointed by the Secretary of Health and Human Services to serve on the National Advisory Council on Nursing Education and Practice (NACNEP) and served on the steering committee of the FL Action Team on the Future of Nursing. Dr. Gonzalez-Guarda is an alumna of the Substance Abuse Mental Health Services Administration Minority Fellowship Program at the American Nurses Association, the Robert Wood Johnson Foundation Nurse Faculty Scholars Program and a fellow of the American Academy of Nursing.
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Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, MPH, RN, CPH, FAAN
Academic Program Affiliations
- Accelerated Bachelor of Science in Nursing Program
- PhD - University of Miami
- MSN - Johns Hopkins University
- MPH - Johns Hopkins University
- BSN - Georgetown University
• Intimate partner violence
• The intersection of intimate partner violence, substance abuse, risk for HIV and mental health conditions among Hispanics
• Hispanic adult and child health
• Primary prevention of behavioral health disparities
• Stress and biopsychosocial processes involved in health disparities
Awards and Honors
- 2014 || Fellow, American Academy of Nursing
- 2014 || Nurse of the Year, Community/Behavioral Health/Ambulatory Care Category, March of Dimes
- 2014 || Top 10 most influential articles, Psychology of Violence
- 2013 || Florida Nurse.com Nursing Excellence Regional Winner, Advancing and Leading the Profession Category, Gannet Healthcare Group
- 2011 || Nurse Faculty Scholars Program Scholar, Robert Wood Johnson Foundation
- 2011 || Outstanding Recent Graduate Award, Johns Hopkins University
- 2010 || Excellence in Teaching Award, Sigma Theta Tau International Honor Society of Nursing, Beta Tau Chapter
- 2005 || Graduate Student Leadership Award, Johns Hopkins University School of Nursing
- 2005 || Inductee, Delta Omega Society, Alpha Chapter
- 2005 || Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA) Minority Fellowship Program, American Nurses Association
- 2004 || Inductee, Sigma Theta Tau International, Nu Beta Chapter
- 2002 || Loyola Award, Georgetown University School of Nursing and Health Studies
- 2000 || Inductee, Sigma Theta Tau International, Tau Chapter
- 1998 || Sara Hopkins Woodruff Spectrum Awards for Women, American Red Cross
Areas of Expertise
- Global and Community Health
- Health Disparities
- Psychiatric / Behavioral Health
- Reproductive Health
- Women's Health
2016 -- PubMed # : 27159650 The Contribution of Stress, Cultural Factors, and Sexual Identity on the Substance Abuse, Violence, HIV, and Depression Syndemic Among Hispanic Men. Cultur Divers Ethnic Minor Psychol.
2016 -- PubMed # : 27077507 Experiences with Dating Violence and Help Seeking Among Hispanic Females in Their Late Adolescence. Issues Ment Health Nurs. 37(4); 229-38
2016 -- PubMed # : 27093905 Transnational Motherhood: Health of Hispanic Mothers in the United States Who Are Separated From Children. J Transcult Nurs.
2015 -- PubMed # : 26260135 Examining the Preliminary Efficacy of a Dating Violence Prevention Program for Hispanic Adolescents. J Sch Nurs. 31(6); 411-21
2015 -- PubMed # : 25062778 A Review of Teen Dating Violence Prevention Research: What About Hispanic Youth? Trauma Violence Abuse. 16(4); 444-65
2015 -- PubMed # : 25674973 Adolescent dating violence: supports and barriers in accessing services. J Community Health Nurs. 32(1); 39-52
2014 -- PubMed # : 24481848 Perceptions of adolescents, parents, and school personnel from a predominantly Cuban American community regarding dating and teen dating violence prevention. Res Nurs Health. 37(2); 117-27
2014 -- PubMed # : 24680919 Acculturation, risk behaviors and physical dating violence victimization among Cuban-American adolescents. J Pediatr Nurs. 29(6); 633-40
Grant Funding (Selected)
Decisions to Disclose and Defining Patient-Centered Outcomes for Victims of Intimate Partner Violence and Human Trafficking During Healthcare VisitsDean’s AwardRole: Co-Investigator
Describe factors that influence the decision of victims of intimate partner violence and human trafficking to disclose abuse to their healthcare providers; describe victims’ desired outcomes from disclosures of abuse to healthcare providers.
Project DYVA - Drugs and Violence in the AmericasOrganization of American States (OAS), Inter-American Drug Abuse Control Commission (CICAD)Role: Co-Investigator
Describe the relationships among substance abuse, violence, risk for HIV and mental health among Hispanic women; describe experiences with these conditions and preferences for prevention strategies.
Project VIDA - Violence, Intimate Relationships and Drug Abuse in Hispanic MenNational Institute on Minority Health & Health Disparities (NIMHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH)1P60 MD002266-01Role: Co-Investigator
Describe the relationships among substance abuse, violence, risk for HIV and mental health among Hispanic heterosexual men and men who have sex with men (MSM); describe experiences with these conditions and preferences for prevention strategies.
SEPA II: HIV Prevention Intervention Reducing Health Disparities among Hispanic WomenNational Institute on Minority Health & Health Disparities (NIMHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH)1P60 MD002266Role: Co-Investigator
Test the efficacy of an HIV risk reduction program among Hispanic women in reducing sexually transmitted infections and decreasing risk behaviors for HIV.
Cultural Linkages between Substance Abuse, Intimate Partner Violence and Risky Sexual Behaviors among Hispanic WomenUniversity of Miami
Test the substance abuse, violence, HIV and depression syndemic among Hispanic women and identify cultural risk and protective factors that predict this syndemic.
Partnership for Domestic Violence Prevention (PDVP): Eliminating Domestic Violence Health Disparities among Hispanics in Miami-Dade CountyNational Center on Minority Health & Health Disparities (NCMHD), the National Institutes of Health (NIH)1P60 MD002266-03
Establish a community-based participatory research partnership between the University of Miami and community agencies in Miami Dade County serving survivors of intimate partner violence; identify needs and preferences for the prevention of intimate partner violence among Hispanics.
Partnership for Domestic Violence PreventionUniversity of Miami
Enhance a community-based participatory research partnership between the University of Miami and a large community organization serving survivors of intimate partner violence and conduct focus groups with survivors, community members and service providers to identify culturally tailored strategies to prevent intimate partner violence among Hispanics.
JOVEN (YOUTH): Juntos Opuestos a la Violencia Entre Novios/ Together Against Dating ViolenceRobert Wood Johnson Foundation69341
Develop a theoretically grounded and culturally tailored dating violence prevention program for Hispanic adolescents; test the feasibility, acceptability and preliminary efficacy of a dating violence prevention program for Hispanic adolescents.
Disparities in HIV, STIs and Testing among Victims of Intimate Partner ViolenceNational Institute of Minority Health and Health Disparities (NIMHD) at the National Institutes of Health (NIH)5P60-MD002266-07Role: Study PI
Identify predictors of HIV/STI testing and HIV/STI acquisition among survivors of intimate partner violence; explore culturally informed strategies to increase testing and improve the quality of testing for this population.
Faculty at the Duke University School of Nursing (DUSON) have been working with the Duke Center for Community and Population Health Improvement and the Clinical and Translational Science Institute Community Engagement Core at Duke on a Patient Centered Outcomes Research Institute project, Health Outcomes that Matter (PCORI EAIN #2512) to identify research priorities for patients, families and communities. Their work will contribute to a five-year roadmap for research. Five workgroups have been working towards this end, and DUSON faculty are involved in four of these:
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda was recently awarded a Rita & Alex Hillman Foundation's Hillman Emergent Innovation grant for her proposal entitled "A smartphone application to prevent intimate partner violence (IPV) among young adult Latino immigrants." The project was awarded $50,000 for the one-year project period to begin Dec. 1, 2017.
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, PhD, MPH, RN, CPH, FAAN, Associate Professor, is the Primary Investigator on a grant awarded by the National Institute on Minority Health and Health Disparities for more than $3.4 million. This grant will provide resources to improve the health and well-being of young adult Latino immigrants.
Congratulations to Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda and her entire team who has received a grant award: GRANT #: 1 R01 MD012249-01 (PI: GONZALEZ-GUARDA, ROSA) for her proposal entitled “Salud/Health, Estrés/Stress, and Resiliencia/Resilience Among Young Adult Hispanics Immigrants in the U.S.”
The project dates are September 26, 2017- to May 31, 2022 and was awarded at $3,477,372.
Schenita Randolph and Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda published an article entitled "Barber-led sexual health education intervention for Black male adolescents and their fathers" in Public Health Nursing. Co-author also includes Terrence Pleasants, MSW.
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda recently published an article entitled "Increasing the pipeline and diversity of doctorally prepared nurses: Description and preliminary evaluation of a health disparities summer research program" in the June issue of the Public Health Nursing. Co-authors include experts from the University of Miami School of Nursing & Health Studies.
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda recently completed the Summer Genetics Institute at the National Institutes of Health (NIH) in Bethesda, Maryland. The one-month intensive research training program is sponsored by the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) and provides participants with a foundation in molecular genetics appropriate for use in research and clinical practice. The program seeks to increase the research capability among graduate students and faculty and to develop and expand clinical practice in genetics among clinicians.
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda, Schenita Randolph and Ryan Shaw recently completed the Duke University School of Medicine LEADERS program. The interactive workshop is designed for junior faculty who are leading a research group. It provides insight into leadership and team building as well as direction on how to develop and manage a scientific laboratory or research program, how to improve productivity, and how to harness creativity and innovation.
Rosa Gonzalez-Guarda recently published an article entitled "Trauma-Informed Decision-Making Among Providers and Victims of Intimate Partner Violence During HIV Testing: A Qualitative Study" in the May issue of the Journal of the Association of Nurses in AIDS Care. Co-authors include experts from the University of Miami School of Nursing and Health Studies.
April is National Minority Health Month, a time to raise awareness on issues impacting health disparities and health equity in America.
Health disparities, a difference in health and well-being, have a significant impact among racial and ethnic populations in particular. According to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services Office of Minority Health, deaths that result from health disparities cost the United States $1.24 trillion.