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Wei Pan, PhD

Associate Professor in the School of Nursing
(919) 684-9324
4133 Pearson Building

Dr. Wei Pan is an Associate Professor and Faculty Lead for the Research Area of Excellence in Methods and Analytics at the Duke University School of Nursing. He received his PhD in Measurement and Quantitative Methods from Michigan State University in 2001 and his MS in Statistics from Fuzhou University in China in 1989.

His research work focuses on causal inference and propensity score methods, multilevel and structural modeling, research synthesis and meta-analysis, measurement and evaluation, and their applications in the social, behavioral, and health sciences, such as substance abuse and symptom management.

He has been involved in many research projects funded by federal agencies, such as the National Institutes of Health, the National Science Foundation, and the U.S. Department of Education. He has published numerous refereed journal articles on both methodological and applied research studies. His recently published book entitled "Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments" tackles both methodological and practical issues in propensity score analysis, a statistical technique for reducing selection bias so as to increase the validity of causal inference from non-randomized controlled trials or observational studies.

Academic Program Affiliations

  • PhD in Nursing Program
  • Doctor of Nursing Practice Program


  • PhD - Michigan State University
  • MS - Fuzhou University, China

Research Interests

Areas of research interest:
• Causal inference and propensity score analysis
• Multilevel, longitudinal, and structural modeling
• Research synthesis and meta-analysis
• Measurement, evaluation, and psychometrics
• Substance use and abuse
• Adolescent health

Awards and Honors

  • 2011 || Provost’s List of Most Productive Faculty, University of Cincinnati
  • 2007 || Outstanding Service Award, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati
  • 2002 || College Faculty Incentive Awards for research and scholarship, College of Education, Criminal Justice, and Human Services, University of Cincinnati
  • 1998 || Inducted, Phi Beta Delta (Honor Society for International Scholars)
  • 1997 || University Graduate Fellowships, Michigan State University
  • 1994 || Institute Distinguished Young Faculty Award, East China Institute of Metallurgy, Ma’anshan, China

Areas of Expertise

  • Research Methods

Areas of Interest


Representative Publications

  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26505161 Vorderstrasse, A. A. and Melkus, G. D. and Pan, W. and Lewinski, A. A. and Johnson, C. M. Diabetes Learning in Virtual Environments: Testing the Efficacy of Self-Management Training and Support in Virtual Environments (Randomized Controlled Trial Protocol). Nurs Res. Nov-Dec, 2015 64(6); 485-93
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 26215035 Pan, W. and Bai, H. Propensity score interval matching: using bootstrap confidence intervals for accommodating estimation errors of propensity scores. BMC Med Res Methodol. July, 2015 15(1); 53 PMC4517543
  • 2015 -- Pan, W. and Bai, H. Propensity score analysis: concepts and issues (Chapter 1) In Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments edited by Pan, W. and Bai, H.. April, 2015; : Guilford Press. April, 2015
  • 2015 -- Pan, W. and Bai, H. [Eds.] Propensity Score Analysis: Fundamentals and Developments April, 2015
  • 2015 -- PubMed # : 25173776 Lipkus, I. M. and Schwartz-Bloom, R. and Kelley, M. J. and Pan, W. A preliminary exploration of college smokers' reactions to nicotine dependence genetic susceptibility feedback. Nicotine Tob Res. March, 2015 17(3); 337-43
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 23607540 Chen, J. and Davis, K. G. and Daraiseh, N. M. and Pan, W. and Davis, L. S. Fatigue and recovery in 12-hour dayshift hospital nurses. J Nurs Manag. April, 2013 22(5); 593-603
  • 2014 -- Sun, S. and Pan, W. A methodological review of statistical methods for handling multilevel non-nested longitudinal data in educational research. International Journal of Research and Method in Education. July, 2014 37(3); 285-308
  • 2014 -- Hwu, F. and Pan, W. and Sun, S. Aptitude-treatment interaction effects on explicit rule learning: A latent growth curve analysis. Language Teaching Research. June, 2014 18(3); 294-319
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 24510493 Bushnell, C. D. and Reeves, M. J. and Zhao, X. and Pan, W. and Prvu-Bettger, J. and Zimmer, L. and Olson, D. and Peterson, E. Sex differences in quality of life after ischemic stroke. Neurology. March, 2014 82(11); 922-31
  • 2014 -- PubMed # : 24450474 Chen, J. and Daraiseh, N. M. and Davis, K. G. and Pan, W. Sources of work-related acute fatigue in United States hospital nurses. Nurs Health Sci. March, 2014 16(1); 19-25


Grant Funding (Selected)

  • Pillars4Life: An Online Self-Management Curriculum for Cancer Survivors

    12/2014 to 11/2015
    Role: Co-Investigator
  • Effects of Message Framing and Risk Feedback on CRC Screening

    09/2014 to 08/2016
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: To test a new way to get people who have never been screened to do so by giving them CRC risk feedback online and matching level of risk with either messages that stress the benefits of getting screened or the costs of not getting screened.

  • Implementing a Continuous Healthcare Innovation & Entrepreneurship Framework (CHIEF)

    The Marcus Foundation
    06/2014 to 05/2016
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: To address the lack of an effective way for academic medical centers, in particular, to measure their present capabilities for supporting and accelerating continuous healthcare innovation and entrepreneurship (CHIE), or benchmark their present capability level against that of other, similar institutions.

  • Developing an Oral Health Intervention for Individuals with Mild Dementia

    1 R34-DE023881-01
    09/2014 to 08/2015
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: To provide the infrastructure and the intervention materials to facilitate swift implementation of a future U01 project.

  • Diabetes Self-Management & Support LIVE (Learning in Virtual Environments)

    1R01 HL118189-01
    06/2013 to 05/2018
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: To evaluate the efficacy of a technologically based bio-behavioral diabetes self-management training and support (DSMT/S) intervention in a virtual environment.

  • Outcomes of Nursing Management Practice in Nursing Homes

    09/2011 to 06/2016
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: To test the benefit of a new staff interaction intervention (CONNECT) over and above a falls quality improvement intervention in reducing patient fall rates in nursing homes.

  • Doctoral Dissertation Research: Cross-Classified Multiple Membership Modeling for Multilevel Nonnested Data

    National Science Foundation
    03/2012 to 06/2012
    Role: Principal Investigator / Faculty Advisor

    Project Goal: To advocate the use of cross-classified multiple membership modeling as a powerful and flexible statistical tool to analyze complex nonnested multilevel data.

  • Playscapes: Designed Nature Environments to Promote Informal Science Learning

    National Science Foundation
    10/2011 to 09/2013
    Role: Research Advisor

    Project Goal: To implement, study, and improve on an early childhood approach to informal science learning through specifically designed natural play environments called playscapes.

  • Building STEM Capacity through Systematic Evaluation and Scaling Efforts

    Ohio Board of Regents
    STEM 2011
    01/2011 to 06/2011
    Role: Co-Investigator

    Project Goal: To increase STEM capacity in Southwest Ohio by collaborating with STEM partners to scale-up high-impact best of class demonstration projects and STEM trajectory initiatives, and to strategically document and evaluate high-impact STEM projects within Southwest Ohio in order to better understand how these efforts contribute to capacity-building across multiple, interrelated, successively expansive systems within our “ecological STEM for All model”.

  • EnterpriseMath: Impact of Economics and Financial Literacy on Math Achievement and Attitudes

    Council for Economic Education
    01/2009 to 12/2009
    Role: Principal Investigator

    Project Goal: To gauge the effectiveness of adding economics and financial literacy lessons into a standardized classroom experience with minimal teacher training.


Monday, March 5, 2018

The Duke University School of Nursing’s Center for Nursing Research will host its first Summer Institute on Thursday, July 19 and Friday, July 20, 2018.

Wednesday, January 10, 2018

Marilyn Lombardi and Wei Pan recently published an article entitled "Measuring Organizational Capacity to Accelerate Health Care Innovation in Academic Health Centers" in Quality Management in Healthcare. Co-authors include experts from Georgia State University and Emory University. 


Thursday, September 14, 2017

PhD student Kaboni Gondwe recently published an article entitled "The role of sociodemographic factors in maternal psychological distress and mother-preterm infant interactions" in the September issue of Research in Nursing & Health. Co-authors include Rosemary White-Traut, Debra Brandon, Wei Pan and Diane Holditch-Davis.

Friday, April 14, 2017

PhD students Deanna Befus and Rachel Hirschey and PhD alumna Megan Winkler presented their work at the annual meeting of the Society of Behavioral Medicine in San Diego, Calif.

​Befus' presentation is entitled "A systems-thinking, problem-solving approach to study migraine self-management and empowerment in socially vulnerable women." Janice Humphreys was a contributor for this project.





Friday, March 31, 2017

The Center for Nursing Research would like to announce these appointments in the research leadership structure starting July 1, 2017.

Friday, February 10, 2017

PhD student Hanzhang Xu and Wei Pan recently published an article entitled "Association Between Tooth Loss and Cognitive Decline: A 13-year Longitudinal Study of Chinese Older Adults" in the February issue of PLOS One.

Tuesday, November 22, 2016

More than 14 faculty, staff and PhD students presented at the 2016 Gerontological Society of American (GSA) Annual Scientific Meeting in New Orleans, LA. According to GSA, more than 3,600 international experts attended thr premier gathering of gerontologists from both the United States and around the world. Attendees participated in over 450 scientific sessions including symposia, paper and poster presentations.

The following faculty, staff and PhD students presented at the conference:

Friday, November 18, 2016

Wei Pan published an invited editorial commentary entitled "Propensity Score Methods in Nursing Research: Take Advantage of Them but Proceed With Caution" in the November/December issue of the Nursing Research. The article was co-authored by Dr. Haiyan Bai for the University of Central Florida in Orlando.

Friday, September 16, 2016

The Center for Nursing Research recently released a white paper entitled "Research Areas of Excellence" prepared by Marilyn Hockenberry, Constance Johnson, Isaac Lipkus, Wei Pan, and Allison Vorderstrasse.

In the 14 page document, the team covers everything from guiding principles, research areas of excellence, clinical innovation, population health and chronic illness, methods and analytics and more.

Click here to learn more.

Friday, August 12, 2016

PhD student Hanzhang Xu recently received the 2016 Edith Anderson Leadership Education Grant from Sigma Theta Tau International (STTI) for $1,000.