De Gagne and Colleagues Publish Article in International Neurourology Journal

Jennie De Gagne, associate professor, recently published an article entitled "Validity and Reliability of the Korean Version of the Women's Toileting Behavior Scale" in International Neurourology Journal. Co-authors include Aeyoung So of Gangneung-Wonju National University and Sunah Park of Gangneung-Wonju National University.


Purpose: The purpose of this study was to investigate the validity and reliability of the Korean version of the Toileting Behavior Scale (KTBS) to assess women's toileting behavior related to urinary elimination.

Methods: The original English version, the Toileting Behavior: Women's Elimination Behaviors scale, was translated into Korean with forward and backward translation. Examinations of internal consistency reliability, construct validity using exploratory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis, item convergent validity, and discriminant validity were conducted with SPSS/WIN 23.0 and AMOS/WIN 23.0 software. Concurrent validity was examined with the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form.

Results:​ Cronbach α for the overall scale was 0.78, and the 5 subscales ranged from 0.79 to 0.94. The exploratory factor analysis revealed 5 factors for the 17-item scale. Confirmatory factor analysis supported good convergent and discriminant values (λ=0.49-0.96, critical ratio=4.51-15.68>1.97, P<0.05, construct reliability=0.72-0.97). The concurrent validity was supported by correlation with the International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form (r=0.146, P=0.011).

Involved Faculty: 
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